Archive by Author

Tuberculosis: Types, Management and Risk Factors

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that frequently attacks the lungs but can also damage the other parts of the body. Tuberculosis, also called TB, is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that spreads to the different parts of the body through the lymph nodes or bloodstream. It frequently attacks the […]

Basic Life Support

Basic life support (BLS) is a set of guidelines for the measures taken by a single rescuer without formal medical training (but trained for BLS), without using any sophisticated medical equipment and outside the hospital setup to ensure the chances of survival by means of maintaining the airway and circulation of a person with a […]

Managing Oral sores

Oral sores or mouth ulcers refer to sores that appear like craters on the surface of the lip or mouth. Mouth injuries occur as a result of injury to the mouth, infection or inflammation. Mouth ulcers are commonly caused by gingivitis, cold sores and dentures. Oral sores may cause problems such as mouth pain, tongue […]

Aspirin poisoning

Important Disclaimer: The details on this page are for information and training purposes only. To learn about poisonings and how to manage situations involving poisons enrol in St Mark James first aid courses. Important Information Regarding Aspirin Poisoning Call 911 immediately and seek emergency help if the following problems occur: The casualty is having convulsions […]

Toxic shock syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a lethal bacterial infection that arises suddenly and is always a cause for alarm. The condition may become fatal if not treated and is caused by the staphylococcus bacteria. The bacterium is harmless as long as it does not release toxins into the bloodstream. Menstruating women are more likely to suffer […]

First Aid for a Sunburn

Sunburns are caused due to overexposure to the sun resulting in burnt, reddened, swollen and sometimes, blistered skin. Normal exposures to sunlight lead to the generation of vitamin D, however, over-exposure may lead to discomfort, premature aging and even cancer. Since, exposure to sunlight affects large regions of the skin, headaches, fatigue and fever may […]

First Aid for Bruises

A bruise (also known as a contusion or hematoma) occurs when a blow causes the blood vessels close to your skin’s surface to tear. This causes blood to ooze out of these blood vessels allowing the contents to leak into the soft tissue under your skin. As a result, a bruise is recognized as a […]