- To function the body requires a certain amount of water.
- Dehydration takes place when water loss is greater than the water consumed
- Symptoms range from minor to severe.
- The young and the ageing are particularly susceptible to dehydration.
Dehydration happens when the volume of water escaping the body is larger than the amount being consumed. The body is very active and always fluctuating. This is particularly true with water in the body.
What is Dehydration?
Water is a vital component of the body, and keeping the body sufficiently hydrated is important to enable the body to work properly. About 75% of a person’s body consists of water.
Causes of Dehydration?
Dehydration happens when water is lost, insufficient consumption of water, or generally, a mixture of the two.
- Diarrhoea: This is the most common cause for an individual to misplace excess amounts of water. A substantial volume of water can be lost with every bowel movement. Globally, there are about four million kids that die each year due to diarrhoea and dehydration.
- Vomiting: This can also lead to misplaced fluids. Not only can a person misplace fluids while vomiting, but it might be tough to replace the loss of fluids especially when a person is constantly feeling nauseous and vomiting.
- Sweat: A person can lose substantial volumes of water by sweating when the body tries to cool itself.
- Diabetes: When it comes to people with diabetes, higher blood sugar levels can cause sugar to flow into the urine, which might cause substantial dehydration. Because of this, repeated urination and extreme thirst are some of the initial signs of diabetes.
- Burns: The skin acts as a defensive wall for the body and is also liable for managing the loss of fluids. Burn fatalities become dehydrated because the injured skin cannot avoid fluid from leaking out of the body. Other inflammatory infections of the skin such as poisonous epidermal necrolysis, also might be related to substantial fluid loss.
- Unable to drink liquids: The incapability to drink sufficiently is the other possible cause of dehydration. Whether it’s because of lack of water, extreme nausea with or without vomiting, or the lack of energy to drink. This combined with routine or unexpected loss of water can increase the degree of dehydration.
Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration
The body’s primary reactions to dehydration are thirst to rise water consumption, and reduced urine output to attempt to save water loss. The urine will become intense and more yellow.
As the level of water loss rises, more signs can become obvious. The following are additional signs and indications of dehydration.
- Parched mouth
- Decrease in tear production
- Perspiring might stop
- Muscle spasms